Smart Cities rely on new information and communication technologies and diverse connected measures that contribute to improve the well-being and health of its inhabitants, on one hand, and the efficiency of healthcare systems, on the other. Together, all of these innovations are shaking up the medical landscape and creating new opportunities to redefine tomorrow’s healthcare. This Round Table will consider four main dimensions.
- Developing preventive approaches. Behaviour, the product of individual action, is decisive in the health of individuals. Promoting healthy behaviour and motivating individual behaviour changes are essential dimensions of connected areas. With the growing dissemination of connected objects and of their associated dedicated applications (nutrition, physical activity, active mobility, ...), users are made aware of and encouraged to behave in a healthy and active way in order to contribute to a healthy lifestyle.
- Improving health monitoring. Numerous examples of health crises show that it is essential to anticipate situations that are potentially risky. In order to increase health monitoring and better anticipate health crises among the population, information and communication technologies increase the epidemiological monitoring capabilities and offer warning systems to the appropriate authorities. In this way, a set of methodological and organizational tools (monitoring, vigilance) offers unprecedented support to the monitoring and decision-making missions when confronted with potential major events. In particular, such tools will enable a better anticipation of and better reactions right from the first signs of a major incident.
- Optimizing access to patient care. E-health also has direct repercussions on the organization of healthcare systems, the quality of care and the cost of medical treatment. Access to digitalization triggers high expectations, especially in the optimization of the use of resources and the increase in effectiveness of the healthcare systems. Some examples of optimizations that also contribute to reducing social and spatial inequalities are the development of a digital patient file, uncomplicated information exchange between different services and providers and the development of outpatient medical care.
- Contribute to medical progress. New technologies also contribute to medical progress. They are involved throughout the whole health and consultation network (telemedicine), to support diagnosis (artificial intelligence, machine learning...), as well as technical acts (robotic, surgical, remote surgery) and post-treatment monitoring. These technologies will enable us to combat the lack of medical care, improve the efficiency of the care system, and contribute to a better knowledge and more targeted interpretation of pathological symptoms. They also make collaboration between healthcare professionals more efficient and offer a follow-up adapted to the state of health of the patient and his/her treatments (personalized medical file).
Based on these main dimensions, the members of the panel will discuss, in particular, the changes to come in the organization and working principles of tomorrow’s medicine.